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Assessments/Older Drivers

Adaptations Guide

Introduction

Research and manufacturing in car design, the availability of assistive technology, and advancements in medicine, all contribute to making driving a possibility for most  people with physical disabilities.

Physical disabilities such as limb amputation, paralysis, hemiplegia, paraplegia, monaplegia, quadraplegia and movement disorders can be accommodated. Also, certain vehicles can now be adapted and driven from a wheelchair.

The following is a short guide of available adaptations.
See Adaptation Companies and Links pages to view videos of adaptations in use.

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Entering And Exiting A Vehicle

When choosing a vehicle, check for low sills as they ease transferring. Two and three door cars have more space for access and egress.  Higher vehicles, such as Jeeps and SUV’s etc., are higher off the ground which makes entering and exiting easier.

Extension straps, extra fitted handles, and pneumatic boot door opener, can also assist in entering and exiting the vehicle.

Once inside the vehicle, an electric operated seat (1) , wheelchair lifts for stowage, swivel seats (2), swivel cushion (3), transferring board (4), seat extensions and  safety belt grips, all facilitate comfort.

Electric Rising Seat Swivel Seat Swivel Cushion Foldaway Slide Board
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Primary Controls

The Primary Controls can be adapted, extended, or relocated to enable driving for anyone with mobility difficulties.

Picture 1, shows a handbrake lever for a driver who has difficulty operating the handbrake button.

Picture 2, shows a  pedal guard to prevent prosthetics or lower limbs affecting safe use of the foot pedals, as the driver uses hand controls.

Picture 3, shows a left foot accelerator for a driver with a right lower limb difficulty.

Picture 4, shows various steering wheel spinners to facilitate a driver steer with one limb.

1 2 3 4
Handbrake Button Press Pedals Guard Left Foot Accelerator Steering Adaptations

Picture 5, shows an indicator switch on a hand control.

Pictures 6 and 7,  show floor switches, relocating the controls to be used by foot example wipers, indicators, lights, horn.

Picture 8, shows the controls relocated and mounted to the head restraint which are activated by pressing with the back of the head.

5 6 7 8
Toggle Switch On Handcontrol Air Switches Light Touch Foot Switches Mechanical 9- Functions Secondary Control Headrest Switch

Mirrors

Additional mirrors can be placed in or on the vehicle, to suit a person who has restricted neck or trunk mobility. An interior panoramic mirror(s), or exterior blind spot mirrors, will enable safe observation. Cameras can also be fitted for reversing.

For further information of various types Visit www.blindspotmirrors.co.uk  

 
Exterior mirrors
Interior panoramic mirror
 
  Exterior  Panoramic Mirrors Interior Panoramic Mirror  
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Wheelchair Loading

For stowage of a wheelchair, a three door car will provide more space for drivers transferring and lifting the wheelchair into the vehicle. 

Wheelchair Roof box: this is an electrical hoisting unit that lifts, folds and locks away a manual wheelchair on the roof of the vehicle. All is achieved from the drivers seat. The wheelchair is enclosed, protecting it from weather conditions.

Rear Boot Electric Lifts:  These can be used for loading scooters into the boot of a vehicle.

Wheelchair Roofbox Lift/Lower & Store Wheelchair Roofbox Lift/Lower & Store Rear/Side Wheelchair Lift/Lower & Store Rear/Side Wheelchair Lift/Lower & Store

Passenger Adaptations

Passenger adaptations vary considerably depending on the vehicle, carers needs, the passengers mobility and strengths etc. Before making a decision, arrange a demonstration and practice use of the adaptation yourself.  This will help you avoid any unforeseen difficulties. Some adaptations may seem simple in a picture or when someone demonstrates them, but the advice is to experience the use of the adaptation before purchase.

Light Manual Folding Ramp Wheelchair Hoist Electric Lift Electric Swivel & Lowering Seat Passenger Hoist

Drivers Adaptation Guide

To decide on your most suitable options, contact your local adaptation company or specialist driver assessor for further advice.

Right Lower Limb Disability
A left foot accelerator with automatic transmission vehicle.

Left Lower Limb Disability
Automatic transmission vehicle.

Right Hemiparesis (right upper and right lower limb paralysis/weakness)                
A left foot accelerator with automatic transmission vehicle. A left hand steering wheel spinner to assist steering. Secondary controls can be infrared  and attached to the steering wheel spinner, or ergonomically positioned to suit the driver.

Left Hemiparesis. (left upper and left lower limb paralysis/weakness)
Automatic transmission. Right side steering wheel spinner to assist steering. Secondary controls can be infrared and attached to the steering wheel spinner, or ergonomically positioned to suit the driver.

Bilateral Lower Limb Disability
Automatic transmission. Hand control to operate accelerator and brake. Steering wheel spinner to assist steering. Secondary controls can be ergonomically positioned to suit the driver.

Upper Left Limb
Automatic transmission. Right side steering wheel spinner to assist steering. Secondary controls can be ergonomically positioned to suit the driver. 

Upper Right Limb                                                                                                           
Automatic transmission. Left side steering wheel spinner to assist steering. Secondary controls can be ergonomically positioned to suit the driver. 

Right or Left Hand Amputee

Secondary controls switches can be floor, door or head restraint mounted. Steering cup shaped spinner to assist steering. Handbrake adaptations can be tailor made to suit strength and mobility.

Both Upper Limbs Disability
Automatic transmission, accelerate and brake as regular. Steering can be operated from a disc mounted to the floor, and secondary controls can be head restraint  mounted, or above the accelerator operated by the toes. Options vary.

Reduced Strength and Mobility Upper Limbs
Automatic transmission. Power assisted steering can be lightened further to the drivers required strength, depending on the make and model of the vehicle.

Short Lower Limbs

Automatic transmission. Accelerator and brake pedal extensions. Electric raising seat if required.

Restricted Neck/Trunk Movement.
Panoramic mirrors interior and/or exterior fitted. Camera fitted to assist reversing.
Picture 1 Cup shaped Adaptations for a person with no hands.
Picture 2 Mini steering wheel, tri pod grip steering wheel spinner.
Picture 3 Steering wheel spinner with Infra red secondary controls.

 
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  Gear Selector & Steering Cup Spinner For Driver With No hands Small Steering Wheel, Radial Handcontrols, Relocated Gear Selector Steering Wheel Spinner With Infrared Secondary Controls

Drive From The Wheelchair Vehicles

Drive From Wheelchair vehicles are also available, for those who have transferring difficulties.

  Drive From The Wheelchair Car Drive From The Wheelchair Car Drive From The Wheelchair Car

For those who wish to feel the wind in their hair the Conquest is a high performance motorcycle that can be driven from a wheelchair. Drivers can roll their wheelchairs onto the vehicle via an automated access ramp. All of the controls are hand operated.

For more information visit www.mobilityconquest.com.

     
Drive From The Wheelchair Trike Drive From The Wheelchair Trike Drive From The Wheelchair Trike
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